Answered May 3, United States portal s portal Books portal History portal. The cheese and the worms: His piece ties in strongly with many of the works and themes we have been discussing in class, which I will attempt to address in the course of the review. Furthermore, cattle were not key to the development of certain civilizations in the same way as they were to others contrast China with India, for example Eurasia’s large landmass and long east-west distance increased these advantages.
Diamond’s background is in the biological sciences rather than in the field of history so his particular broad scientific approach may be argued as unconventional. So in that sense, just as one can predict general trends about the ratio of female to male birth ratios in a certain region, so too in Jared’s view – one can predict the outcome of competition between Europeans and Native Americans earlier in history. He thought some New Guinea—iirc—society was the smartest because they fought on sight and it was necessary to be able to recognize who was a friend and who not really, really fast. Advanced Andeans and Backward Europeans: In the s, the Annales School in France undertook the study of long-term historical structures by using a synthesis of geography, history, and sociology.
Another criticism of the book has been that it underemphasizes individual and cultural choice and autonomy. A short history of the world. The rise of nonfarming specialists such diamondz craftsmen and scribes accelerated economic growth and technological progress.
It must be noted that the book is well written and accessible, and raises a number of interesting points about the influence of geography and science on historical events.
» Guns, Germs and Steel, Reviewed by Kimberley Evans Taking on Popular Histories
His piece ties in strongly with many of the works and themes we have been discussing in class, which I will attempt to address in the course of the review. The plentiful supply of food and the dense populations that it supported made division of labor possible.
A Revolutionary Manumission Abolitionist? The Steppe Tradition in International Relations: GeographyHistorysocial evolutionethnologycultural diffusion. On this issue Diamond puts forward the following conjecture: It adds a lot to the debate about whether it is possible for causality to be taken back anr the beginning of human life on earth.
Book Summary: Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond
Yhesis Diamond, the lack of geographical and political contiguousness and unification of Europe unlike China may well have gubs a significant contributor to the continued development pressures to expand technology and science.
Human factors and decisions are surprisingly more powerful and compelling throughout history than the constraints of nature. Its east-west orientation allowed breeds domesticated in one part of the continent to be used elsewhere through similarities in climate and the cycle of seasons. Diamond argues that the gaps in power and technology between human societies originate primarily in environmental differences, which are amplified by various positive feedback loops.
He notes in the foreward and multiple times inside the book itself that race had absolutely nothing to do with anything. Guns, germs, and steel: He mentions the tropical diseases mainly malaria that limited European penetration into Africa as an exception.
Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond
In andthe author published new English-language editions that included information collected since the previous editions.
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Who has read Guns, Germs, and Steel? To discuss the entirety of such a debate is beyond the scope of this paper. However we can cite one example which again challenges Diamond’s stefl.
Eurasian grains were richer in protein, easier to sow, and easier to store than American maize or tropical bananas.
Answered Jan 24, Finally, each society on a continent represents one more opportunity to invent and adopt a technology, because societies vary greatly in their innovativeness for many separate reasons. The prologue opens with an account of Diamond’s conversation with Yalia New Guinean politician.
Instead, the author concludes that because there was no sophisticated division of labor, private property rights, and monetary exchange, societies like that on Easter Island could never progress from the nomadic stage to a complex society. Landes, The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Diamond continues to describe the story of human development up to the modern era, through the rapid development of technology, and its dire consequences on hunter-gathering cultures around the world.
This in itself raises some methodological problems, and in turn led me back to an article and book excerpt about historical research and the use of archives. Smaller domesticable animals such as dogs, cats, chickens, and guinea pigs may be valuable in various ways to an agricultural society, but will not be adequate in themselves to sustain large-scale agrarian society.
A critical assessment of Jared Diamond’s approach to civilizational development.
Many human phenomena and characteristics — such as behaviors, beliefs, economies, genes, incomes, life expectancies, and other things — are influenced both by geographic factors and by non-geographic factors.
Books by Jared Diamond. What do historians think of Jared Diamond?