It is exactly here that the different appraisals start. For example, if we allowed active euthanasia, it is quite likely. Factors extrinsic to the case may convince us that some killings are worse than some allowings to die, Perrett argues, but those facts do not damage the Equivalence Thesis. Killing, Stealing, and Enslaving Accepting both that rights are negative and that there is no moral difference between doing and allowing is tantamount to accepting that violating rights makes no moral difference in itself. In a case where “letting die” is immoral, killing may also be immoral.

It sees being moral, not as a matter of faithfulness to abstract rules or divine laws, but as a matter of doing what is best for those who are affected by our conduct. Equivalence Theory aka Rachels’ thesis ” There is no morally important difference between killing and letting die. My weekend vacation Cadbury marketing research ppt A literary analysis of the dystopian fiction of huxley and orwell Intermountain newspaper burney california High school admissions essay questions Betrayal in khaled hossieni s the kite Related literature of online sales and inventory Descriptive essay about your role model Three mile island meltdown essay Mass media influence research paper Types of plagiarism in essays Cloning thesis paper. Hence reference to rationality alone is not sufficient to decide complex moral issues. Pogge, poverty, and war.

Whatever agential features Young possesses, Zamora possess.

Equivalence thesis rachels

Some philosophers, however, have argued that common sense is wrong about this. Txt or read online. While his main concern there was to argue that there was no basis for increase prohibitions upon the doings, Rachels highlighted the plausibility of the Equivalence Thesis in the process.

The conventional doctrine is. This is a difference, but it is not, Perrett would presumably argue, an intrinsic racuels between the cases.

  M102 HOMEWORK 2.3

rachels equivalence thesis

Husak – – Journal of Medical Ethics 5 4: In fixing all the agential features to be identical — Andrews and Brown are both driven by envy, for instance — the cases rachsls elicit, if we accept the Equivalence Thesis, judgments analogous to the Bathtub cases: Since equlvalence Smith and Jones were prepared to kill for personal gain, they are equally reprehensible.

Killing John to Save Mary: Rachels offered the following parallel cases in order to argue for the Equivalence Thesis[my labels]: Beauchamp, offers what he takes to be the most powerful argument in defense of the distinction between active and passive euthanasia.

The basis of the conventional doctrine is the distinction between “killing” and “letting die,” together with the assumption that the difference between killing and letting die must, by itself and apart from further consequences, constitute a genuine moral difference.

Jones let his cousin die in order to gain the inheritance. Smith then arranges things so that it looks like the child accidentally drowned. Some doings killings will be morally equivalent to some allowings lettings die despite the facts that the killing will violate the right to life, the letting die will not, and these facts will be the only differences between the cases.

rachels equivalence thesis

What is the equivalence thesis defended by James Rachels? David Shaw – – Journal of Medical Ethics 33 9: Rachels presents the Smith and Jones cases as a pair of stories that will be briefly retold here. This thesis equivalrnce that the bare difference between a doing and an allowing makes no moral difference.

Jones is not prepared to kill his cousin in order to gain the money, but he is prepared to let the child die. Works Cited Gewirth, Alan.


So, Nesbitt argues, nothing follows from this example about whether killing is or is not morally worse than letting die. That is equivalejce implausible. James Rachels examines the ideas and assumptions behind the ethics of euthanasia, and proposes a new moral code based on his belief that there is a profound difference between ” living” and ” being alive.


The military feelings are extremely. If the Equivalence Thesis is true, this combination of beliefs is inconsistent.

rachels equivalence thesis

If we are truly to compare killing vs. I turn first to the consideration of the case in favor of the Rachelw Thesis to elucidate the principle.

Equivalence thesis rachels

The Body as Unwarranted Life Support: However, just as she enters the office, her colleague’s form is blown off the pile by a gust of wind from an open window.

Obviously, this Equivalence Thesis is not morally neutral, as philosophical claims about ethics often are. Com Killing and letting die — james rachels [ This essay initially made an appearance within the Encyclopedia of Ethics.

Alternatively, one could simply accept the thesis and prepare for the work of revising the liberal worldview. The equivalence thesis, which implies that nothing separates killing and letting someone dies because both actions have the same consequence in that both persons end.

Once again, such people will be committed to the claim that the rights violation is in itself morally irrelevant. Because negative rights are rights of non-interference, doings often violate those rights in cases where otherwise analogous allowings do not.