Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is an example of a city with a large area of shanty settlements or favelas. With the country undergoing rapid development, car ownership has grown and the central business district is very congested with high levels of air pollution. Education – Rio has a number of universities and higher education institutions. The area has long been associated with crime and drugs. They are also called favelas Brazil or bustees India.

Millions of people have migrated from Brazil’s rural areas to Rio de Janeiro. Firstly, this is the only available land to build on within the city limits. Unemployment rates are high and many people work in the informal, poorly paid sector. It is located in the southern zone of the city. This work has been carried out with government funding to provide facilities like electricity, sewage systems, rubbish collection and public transport. Roads in the favela areas are often just dirt tracks, and most people living here walk to their destinations.

Mountains hem in the city on the coastline, so traffic is confined to a limited number gcss routes. Pull factors attracting people into the city include the perception of: The area has long been associated with crime and drugs.

There is a shortage of hospitals and clinics in the favelas, and high levels of illness and disease prevail here.

rocinha case study gcse geography

Training Developing and Retaining an Effective Workforce: Rio has experienced rapid growth in recent years because of rural to urban migration. The shanty towns have grown spontaneously with no planning, and so have no proper roads, pavements or local services like hospitals. Street crime is a problem in the tourist areas, although pacification has recently started to improve crime rates. These settlements are illegal and are therefore not catered for by the government.


Compared to simple shanty towns or slums, Rocinha has a better developed infrastructure and hundreds of businesses such as banks, drug stores, bus lines, cable television, including locally based channel TV ROC, and, at one time, even a McDonalds franchise, though it has since closed. This includes breeze blocks and cement.

Urban Problems in LEDCs

It is built on a steep hillside overlooking the city, just one kilometer from the beach. Many new migrants to cities in LEDCs cannot afford housing.

The rapid growth of Rio de Janeiro’s population has led to severe crowding and a hcse of housing. The city cannot grow because of physical factors – there are mountains to the north and west, and sea to the south and east.

Sustainable strategies to improve the quality of life in the favelas In the s, the Favela Bairro Sthdy was set up to help improve life in the favelas and upgrade them rather than demolish them, as has happened in other locations. People may be affected by associated health problems such as lung disease and cancers. This area, known as the ‘Carioca’ is listed as a World Heritage Site.

Cities – Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Construction of a dwelling in the favela of Rocinha. In Rio, more than 1. This is caused by a variety of push and pull factors. Search and Destroy Patrols Vietnam: The settlements are usually very overcrowded.


It is home to between 60, topeople though this could be more. Natural Increase is one reason for its growth this is when the birth rate is higher than the death rate. Rocinhx country case study – Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro is one of Brazil’s largest settlements with a population of approximately 6.

rocinha case study gcse geography

The has been caused by rural to urban migration. It is home to between 60, topeople. Balanced moments and centre of mass Planetary orbiting and gravitational forces Moments — Remember it!

Rio De Janeiro – Rocinha

The Kinetic Energy of Objects — Test it! These areas of temporary accommodation are known as favelas in Brazil. There are few schools in the favelas. Natural increase is one cause of increased population, but migration is the major factor. Middle level residential areas have developed near the airport and highways.

rocinha case study gcse geography

Newsletter Signup Sign up for our email newsletters. With the country undergoing rapid development, car ownership has grown and the central business district is very congested with high levels of air pollution.